Toxic waste can come from many different sources and has been a major cause of pollution. Toxic or hazardous waste is a by-product of activities like farming, manufacturing, construction, water treatment, laboratories, hospitals, and many other industries. The waste is potentially dangerous and can be solid, liquid, or sludge. It may contain chemicals, heavy metals, pathogens, radiations, or any other harmful material. Hazardous waste is also generated in a home in the form of items like computer equipment, paints, pesticides, or used batteries.
This dangerous waste can cause harm to people, plants, and animals. Some toxins stay in the environment for many years and get accumulated over time, for example, lead and mercury. This reaches humans or other animals via the food chain.
Some toxic wastes
Here are some toxic wastes that pose a risk to human and animal health. Knowing about them will make you more aware of their sources and you will be better equipped to identify them and handle them safely.
- Arsenic: This is a carcinogen used in the manufacturing of electrical circuits, pesticides
- Asbestos: It is used in automobile brakes and roofing materials. Inhaling its fibres is carcinogenic.
- Cadmium: It is an excellent conductor of electricity and hence is used in batteries and electroplating, but breathing it can cause lung damage or kidney disease.
- Mercury: A liquid metal used in thermometers, barometers and other instruments. Exposure to mercury can lead to kidney, brain damage and birth defects.
- Lead: It is found in ammunition, paints and batteries. It causes nerve damage, reproduction related issues, and harms the kidneys.
- Strong acids and alkalis: These are used in many manufacturing industries. They destroy the human skin at the site of contact.
- Clinical waste: Blood or blood products, pathological waste, cultures of infectious agents are included in this category.
- Persistent Organic Pollutants: These are substances in pesticides or chemicals and cause defects of the nervous and reproductive systems. They can accumulate in the environment and the food chain.
Disposal of hazardous waste
At our homes, we must try to minimize the generation of toxic waste to nil, if you need to purchase a chemical make sure you buy as much as you need so that there is no excess. If you still are left with some to dispose of, you must label the product properly and mention specific instructions. For proper sorting and segregation of waste, you can use a trailer hire Adelaide service.
At the commercial level, it is important to understand that you are responsible for any toxic wastes that your business generates, from cradle to grave. This includes various stages of its lifecycle like generation, transportation, treatment, storing and disposal. You must use professional services to properly collect the waste from the site and dispose of each type of waste while following the best practice and keeping the environment safe.
The most common methods of waste disposal are landfill, incineration, dumping in the sea or burying it underground. Depending on the type of waste, your waste management partner will choose the right method of disposal.